Name Derivation :
Jhajjar is one of the 21 district of Haryana state, India. Jhajjar district, Haryana
was carved out of Rohtak district on July 15, 1997. The district headquarter is
situated in Jhajjar town at a distance of about 65 km from Delhi. The town is said
to have been founded by one Chhaju and Chhajunagar was changed to Jhajjar. It is
also derived from Jharnaghar, a natural fountain. A third derivation is from Jhajjar,
a water vessel, because the surface drainage of the country for miles around runs
into the town as into a sink. Other towns in the district are Bahadurgarh and Beri.
Bahadurgarh was founded by Rathi Jats and formerly known as Sharafabad. It is situated
29 km from Delhi and had developed into an important of industrial centre.
The district lies in the south east of
Haryana state. Jhajjar District is one among the important districts of Haryana
State and the district Headquarter lies on the National Highway No. 71 and is situated
at a distance of 65 km from Delhi , the national capital of India . The District
lies between 28 o 33’ N and 28 o 42’ S latitude and 76o 28’ 45” W and 76 o 84’ 15”
E longitude. On its north lies the Rohtak Subdivision of Rohtak District and in
the South lies the Subdivision Rewari of Rewari District. In the East lies Tikri
border of National Capital of India, and in the West lies Charkhi Dadri Sub Division
of Bhiwani District.
The altitude of the Distt. is about 715
above mean sea level (MSL) and a slope from South to North from Rewari towards Jhajjar
is around 40 feet.. In the eastern part of district, the area is considerably even.
Some area is uneven and also suffers from inundation and water logging during Monsoon
season. The district falls within the classified arid and semi-arid zones. Broadly
four types of soil are available in the District viz. clay, loamy clay, loamy sandy
and sandy. It is alluvial in nature and fertile. However, the soil is deficient
in Nitrogen. Hot summer, cold winter and meager rain fall are the main climatic
characteristics of Jhajjar District.
The district is having an area of 1834
square Kms which is 3.77 % of total area of the state. The total population of the
District is 956,907, (514,303 Males and 442,604
Females) as per the Census 2011. Rural population is 74.60% of the total population. Population density is 522 person per sq. km. Population of Jhajjar town is 48447. The other towns are,
Bahadurgarh with population of 170426 & Beri with population of 16162.
District Map :
Agriculture Products/Industries of the
The economy of the district is primarily
agriculture, e.g. agrarian economy. About 57.58 of total workers (392527) are engaged
in agriculture and allied activities. As per census 2001, only 7548 households are
engaged in industrial labour and rest are engaged in other activities. Out of total
geographical area of the district only 77.38% area is under cultivation. The main
crops in rabi season are Wheat, Gram, Barley, Mustard, Sugar Cane and in Kharif
season are Cotton, Paddy, Jawar, Bajra, Gawar, Arhar and Moong.
On the Industrial front, District is now
witnessing Industrial growth at faster pace by providing good infrastructure to
the industries. At present 1477 small scale Industrial units are working. Besides
it, 37 large and Medium units also exit in the district. Mainly M/s Surya Roshni
Ltd., M/s SPL Ltd. Hindustan Sanitary wares & Industries Ltd., Parle Hindustan
National Glass & Industries Ltd., Parle Biscuits Ltd., Merino Panel Products
Ltd. And Relaxo Footwear Ltd., are prestigious industrial units in the district.
Steel pipe & C.R. Strips, Biscuits,
Glazed Tiles, Glass Bottles & Tumblers, Sanitary ware, Decorated Laminated Sheets,
Refractory, Bottling of L.P.G. Cylinders, Rubber Footwear, Coated Papers, Coated
Cotton Fabric, Transfer Sheets, Woven Lables, Embroidered Fabric & Motifs, HDPE
Woven Fabrics, Atta & Maida, Steel Wires, Ball Bearing Socks and Bituminous.
HSIDC is developing two more Sectors i.e.
Sector –16 & 18 measuring land area of 401 acre on National Highway-10, Bahadurgarh.
In the First phase, Sector 16 is being developed and 90 % road works are completed.
Sector 18 will be taken up in second phase. In these Sectors, plots of various sizes
ranging 450sq.m. to 11250sq.m.will be for available for allotment totaling 362 plots
. A part from this, Sector – 4B consisting of 179 acre of land is also under process
Special Economics Zone :
There is proposal to set up SEZ on 25000
Acre adjoining Gurgaon, Distt. Which will open up new avenues for industrial and
economical activities in the Distt. by providing infrastructure of International
Administrative Setup :
Few Basic Statistical Data :
|Actual Population ||956,907|
|Area Sq. Km||1,834|
|Proportion to Haryana Population||3.77%|
|Sex Ratio (Per 1000)||861|
|Child Sex Ratio(0-6 Age)||774|
|Average Literacy ||80.80|
|Male Literacy ||89.40|
|Female Literacy ||71.00|
|Total Child Population (0-6 Age)||115,659|
|Male Population (0-6 Age) ||65,249|
|Female Population(0-6 Age)||50,510|
|Child Proportion(0-6 Age)||12.10%|
|Boys Proportion(0-6 Age)||12.69%|
|Girls Proportion(0-6 Age) ||11.41%||